GERMAN BROWN ‘MOTTLED TIGER’ SALTGLAZE STONEWARE BARTMANN OR BELLARMINE JUG BEARING THE ARMS OF AMSTERDAM, FRECHEN, 1600-40.Est. $500-$700
Sold: $1,440 ($1,200)
Of typical form, the applied mask with flowing beard, applied on three sides with the arms of Amsterdam, the neck with turned lip and affixed with a loop handle ending in a long V-shaped terminal. Height 8 ⅜ inches.Fragments of Bartmann jugs bearing the arms of Amsterdam have been discovered at several American colonial archaeological sites. Pieces have been excavated at Fort Orange, the first permanent Dutch settlement in New Netherland (the present-day city of Albany, New York), founded by the Dutch East India Company in 1624. Fragments have also been found at various locations in Virginia, as trade with the Netherlands brought merchant ships to the Eastern Seaboard, sailing along the coast from New England to Virginia.
Literature: For a discussion and illustrations regarding Bartmann jugs in North America, see Janine E. Skerry & Suzanne Findlen Hood, “Salt-Glazed Stoneware in Early America,” pp. 7-22, in particular fig. 8.